Just weeks away from relinquishing power to incoming President-elect Joe Biden, the Trump administration is quietly launching a last-minute assault on Social Security by rushing ahead with a rule that, if implemented, could deny critical benefits to hundreds of thousands of people with disabilities.
The Social Security Administration (SSA) late last weekÂ submittedÂ to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a proposed rule aiming to further tighten eligibility requirements for Social Security disability benefits, which aroundÂ ten million AmericansÂ currently rely on for a modest monthly income.
While it is unclear whether the rule can be finalized before Biden takes office next month, Social Security defenders reacted with outrage to the proposal and called on the president-elect to make clear that he will immediately roll back the change.
“It is outrageous,” Richard Fiesta, executive director of the Alliance for Retired Americans, said in aÂ statementÂ Monday. “The Trump administration could pull the rug out from millions of Americans, especially older Americans, in the waning days of its administration. Since the day he took office, President Trump has claimed he would protect Social Security. He is showing his true colors again.”
Advocacy group Social Security WorksÂ calledÂ the proposal “a despicable attack on people with disabilities and on our Social Security system” and urged Bidenâ€”whose own record on Social Security has beenÂ heavily criticizedÂ by progressivesâ€”to “clean house at the Social Security Administration on day one” by replacing top officials appointed by President Donald Trump.
In the works for months, the Trump administration’s proposed rule would significantly revise the criteria by which SSA determines who does and doesn’t qualify for disability benefits.
Under current law, applicants withÂ certain serious conditionsÂ automatically qualify for benefits; those with other ailments are deemed qualified or not based on an evaluation of additional factors such as age, work history, education, and “residual functional capacity.”
The Trump administration’s proposed rule, as theÂ Wall Street JournalÂ reportedÂ earlier this year, “would no longer assume age seriously affects a person’s ability to adapt to simple, entry-level work.”
“It would raise the age at which education and work experience are considered in determining eligibility to 55, from 50,” theÂ JournalÂ reported. “The new rule would also update data on occupational skills that the agency uses to determine eligibility, based on new information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.”
Another component of the proposed overhaul,Â according toÂ HuffPost, would “essentially redefine full-time work as 30 hours per week, instead of the usual 40, for purposes of determining whether someone is disabled.”
“Fewer people would likely win benefits as a result,”Â HuffPostÂ noted.
Fiesta warned that the Trump administration’s ruleâ€”one ofÂ many attacksÂ it hasÂ launchedÂ on Social Security during its four years in powerâ€”would impose “a massive change that could push thousands of Americans into poverty.”
“Social Security’s disability payments are modest, an average of $15,096 each year for the average worker,” said Fiesta. “These benefits are not easy to receive; disabled workers go through a lengthy and rigorous process to determine eligibility. We are in a pandemic that is hitting older Americans the hardest. Our government should be helping Americans who can no longer work due to a disability, not scheming to deny them the benefits they have earned over a lifetime of hard work.”
Economist David Weaver joined calls for Biden to immediately roll back the Trump administration’s proposed change, noting in anÂ op-edÂ forÂ The HillÂ on Monday that the rule “could ultimately prevent as many asÂ 500,000Â Americans from receiving benefits.”
“Looking at recent or modern data, the current system routinely denies benefits to older individuals with serious health problems and diminished prospects in the modern economy,” Weaver wrote. “Amplifying these outcomes by trying to get even more denials is not a rational policy approach.”
AsÂ HuffPost‘s Arthur DelaneyÂ reportedÂ last month, Biden will soon have the authority to unilaterally undo Trump’s attack on Social Security disability benefits as well as aÂ slew of other safety net cutsÂ the president is attempting to ram through the regulatory process during his final weeks in the White House.
Bethany Lilly, director of income policy at advocacy group The Arc, toldÂ HuffPostÂ that if a rule hasn’t been finalized by the time the Biden administration takes office, “they can effectively just put a stop to it.”
“I would expect the Biden administration to do so,” said Lilly.