A glass-half-full attitude may pay huge dividends, including lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease and other chronic ailments and a longer life. In an article published in JAMA Network, researchers found that study participants who rated highly in optimism were much less likely to suffer from heart attacks or other cardiovascular events and had a lower mortality rate than pessimistic participants.
Another research article, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), indicates that people with higher levels of optimism lived longer. Optimistic women had a 50% greater chance of surviving to age 85, and optimistic men had a 70% greater chance.
Tips to take away: Believe it or not, optimism is a trait that anyone can develop. Studies have shown people are able to adopt a more optimistic mindset with very simple, low-cost exercises, starting with consciously reframing every situation in a positive light. Over time, your brain is essentially rewired to think positively. Since negativity is contagious, it is also important to surround yourself with optimistic people and consider a break from the news. For more on how to cultivate optimism in your life, check out the six specific tips in this report.
When I hear those words, it reminds me of the story about the young entrepreneur named Reed Hastings. Twenty years ago, he mustered the courage to pitch a potential merger between his fledgling company, Netflix, and mega-movie behemoth Blockbuster. His proposal: Team up to build a better online platform and keep both businesses growing into the future.
Blockbuster passed on the deal, claiming it did not fit their model and would only appeal to a small niche at best. The rest would become history, as Blockbuster filed for bankruptcy in 2010, and Netflix is now valued at $187 billion with 183 million subscribers.
Other companies have faced similar fates because they focused more on continuing what they had always done, rather than ways to adapt with the times. Change can be scary and often requires you to step outside your comfort zone. But doing things the same way just to avoid the fear of change, can cause you to stagnate and miss new opportunities that may offer a better way.Â
Times have changed for retirement savers, too
The financial industry has changed over time as well. Factors now impacting our markets did not even exist when traditional investing methods, such as asset allocation, diversification and buy-and-hold, were first introduced. Globalization, innovation and technology have made the stock market, and investors, more vulnerable than ever. Popular strategies that originated over 60 years ago were never designed to defend against the so-called â€œblack swanâ€ event (economic bubble, financial collapse or a worldwide pandemic) that can appear without warning and inflict devastation on a portfolio.
We live in a new reality â€” with new challenges â€” requiring new solutions. But while many high-net-worth investors, institutions and pension plans have upgraded their investing approach to align with the times, the financial industry has opted to continue promoting the same old strategies to everyday investors. In some circumstances, these have the potential to do more harm than good.
Old Ways were not created for the New Days
Diversification may no longer be the best remedy to protect against loss.
Gallery: 8 Investing Lessons Learned In 2020 (Kiplinger)
1. Emotional decisions derail your finances
2. The importance of bonds
3. Diversification is essential
4. The markets are unpredictable in the short-term
5. Selectively doing nothing may be a prudent strategy
6. Bad times present great opportunities
7. Picking the perfect time to invest is an imperfect strategy
8. As bad as things are, they can always get worse
One bonus life lesson: Be positive
Asset allocation and diversification are based on the idea that you will assemble a portfolio with investments that, in an ideal world, will perform differently from one another through various market conditions to help balance risk over time.
But unfortunately, we donâ€™t live in an ideal world. In recent market history (since the 2008 financial crisis), ongoing correlation has increased between asset classes. This means that instead moving away from each other as intended, different investments may become more aligned and move in tandem. Market history has shown this occurrence becomes even more likely during times of decline. Then, once the market sell-off subsides and volatility returns to normal levels, these investments begin to move against each other as originally intended. In other words, the protection features expected from diversification may actually be weakest when needed most, during decline, only to then impede the potential for growth once the recovery phase begins.
Buy-and-hold does not address the full picture for making money.
Warren Buffett once said, â€œOur favorite stock holding period is forever.â€ However, it can be argued this buy-and-hold philosophy is a passive approach that only addresses one side of the equation. It provides offense, while ignoring defense. It implies that risk is something that must be accepted rather than controlled. It refuses to adjust as markets change and prefers to rely on long-term potential while disregarding short-term trends.
â€œMore risk, more rewardâ€ is a myth.
Economic theory (and conventional wisdom) has long suggested that taking more risk is, on average, rewarded with a higher return. In other words, if youâ€™re willing to take the chance, the occasional big winner will offset your other losses. But this assumption has been disproved time and again with the emergence of new studies, strategies and investing options. Updated methods have proved the opposite to be true; and I personally know many investors who have been able to increase reward while simultaneously decreasing risk. Investing is a journey, and itâ€™s important to remember that in the end, your success will be determined by what you made in good times, and kept during declines.
The No. 1 statement I hear the most when updating a clientâ€™s investing approach from old to new is, â€œI always thought I should be doing something different; I just never knew what else I could do.â€
Unfortunately, I believe those working in the financial industry are often more focused on getting your money rather than growing your money. And they know the best way to accomplish this is by keeping you in your comfort zone, by encouraging you to continue doing the same things youâ€™ve always done, rather than trying to fight your fear of change.
But if you think back over time, thereâ€™s a pretty good chance the decisions that had the biggest impact on your life were also the ones that made you the most uncomfortable at the time. Like the first time you approached your future spouse, when you bought your first home or took a new job.
We live in a new reality where economic activity is unlike anything investors have ever experienced. A paradigm shift has transferred influence from man-to-machine and Wall Street-to-Main Street as the stock market has evolved. You are at a critical point when you must decide: Should you continue doing what you have always done, or be open to something new?
3 ways to modernize your investment approach
To help you upgrade your investing process, here are three strategies to consider:
Rather than buy-and-hold, consider an approach designed to buy-and-adapt. Active methods like trend-following, adaptive-investing, and sector-rotation are designed to adjust as markets change, to increase positions of strength and reduce those of weakness.
Diversify in a new way using a mix of different investment strategies rather than investment classes. Actively managed ETFs provide an array of updated strategies such as market-neutral, low-volatility, hedged, momentum, anti-beta, long-short and niche-based opportunities like innovation and online services.
Invest in change by allocating a portion of your portfolio into options designed to profit from advancements in technology and innovation. Two examples of this approach include â€œThematicâ€ and â€œDisruptiveâ€ funds. Thematic funds seek out companies tied to a specific theme or niche that is growing in popularity with the ability to rotate from one to the next as momentum moves into new areas. Disruptive investing focuses on ground-level innovation that has the potential to change the way we live, such as electronic vehicles, â€œgenomicsâ€ or advancements in DNA research, and cloud-based services to name a few.
After reading this, you may have a desire to upgrade your approach but just donâ€™t have the time (or inclination) to stay on top of your investing as things continue to change. If this is the case, try to find someone who will do it for you. There is a new breed of advisers who have abandoned traditional methods to embrace a modernized approach with new opportunities.
Consider looking beyond the mainstream, past those financial professionals who sound like everyone else and rehash the same old methods, over and over. In todayâ€™s rapidly changing economic environment, itâ€™s important to work with someone who is knowledgeable of ongoing changes and able to properly adapt and address updated factors with the new opportunities.Â
Kim Franke-Folstad contributed to this article.
This material is provided as a courtesy and for educational purposes only.Â Please consult your investment professional, legal or tax advisor for specific information pertaining to your situation. Investing involves risk including loss of principal. Advisory services offered through Enhance Wealth, a Member of Advisory Services Network, LLC.